To avoid constant migraines it is essential to learn to identify their possible triggers, since each person will have their own triggers of the symptoms, and avoid them as much as we can.
Nowadays, with the hustle and bustle of daily routine, it is normal for many people to see their stress reflected in different conditions such as headaches. However, there is a percentage of the population that does not suffer from a simple passing pain, but a severe disorder that can incapacitate them: constant migraines.
A headache is a discomfort that appears in the upper part of the body. It covers the head, the scalp and, sometimes, the neck. It is caused by inflammation of the blood vessels, muscles or nerves that are in the head, which emit pain signals to the brain.
There are different types of pain. Among them are:
The tensional: generated by the tension or contraction that occurs in the muscles of the head and neck by stress.
In clusters: The pain is located in one of the eyes or close to the temple.
Migraine: one of the most desperate.
Migraine is a type of intense headache that produces a sharp pain with a kind of puncture. It is characterized by the following:
Pain on only one side of the head or both.
Produce nausea and vomiting.
Invade the visual field causing flashes, blurred vision or sensitivity to light.
Its duration can vary between 2 and 72 hours and the pain that produces the patient can be so acute that it completely incapacitates it, preventing it from developing any other activity. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is one of the 20 most disabling diseases that exist.
People who suffer from constant migraines that prevent them from leading a normal life should understand this complication in the best way. Therefore, in the following lines we will explain what are the causes, symptoms and treatments that can help to overcome this pain.
Causes of constant migraine
Migraine is a disease that can occur at any age. It is genetically transmissible and is more frequent in women than in men. There are still no specific causes that determine why this disorder occurs. Each case depends on the patient. However, there are some general and quite frequent causes that may give some clue to people who suffer from constant migraines.
Inheritance: It is estimated that migraine is a hereditary disorder, since it is located in the genetic makeup of the individual. In fact, it has been shown that some specific forms of this disease are transmitted through chromosome 9. According to the University Clinic of Navarra, 70% of migraine patients have a family history with this condition.
Stress and anxiety: Excessive responsibilities, the hustle and bustle of daily life and various concerns can cause severe migraines. Therefore, it is advisable to relax and get distracted from time to time, forgetting the problems.
Hormones: In some women, migraines can occur consistently once or twice a month according to their menstrual cycle. Specifically during menstruation and in the ovulation process.
Poor feeding: Excessive consumption of some substances can generate severe headaches. This is the case of alcohol, chocolate, products with monosodium glutamate, nuts or dried fruits, among others.
Lack of sleep: Fatigue can also trigger this condition.
Environmental factors: the abrupt change of temperatures, bright lights, strong smells or high altitudes are usually another cause of migraines.
First, it is necessary to clarify that there is no definitive cure for migraine. However, there are some treatments that can control it. In this way, the patient is given the opportunity to lead a normal life.
According to the Spanish Association of Patients with Headache treatments against migraine can be classified into three:
Treatment of the crisis: It is performed in the first stage of migraine, when the pain is still bearable for the patient. It consists in moving away from any stimulus that could be annoying, such as light or noise. The drugs prescribed by the specialist should be taken.
Treatment of accompanying symptoms: If there is another discomfort, such as nausea, vomiting or some digestive disease, it is necessary to treat previously with the prescribed medications.
Preventive treatment: If you know that the patient suffers from constant migraines, you should go to the doctor before suffering a crisis. In this way, the treatment that best suits the case will be evaluated. Some of the most recommended preventive treatments are beta-blockers, aspirin, antidepressants, anticonvulsants and calcium antagonists.
In any case, timely and professional diagnosis by a medical specialist is necessary. In this way, the necessary measures will be taken so that the person normalizes his life as much as possible.